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Average Annual Growth, Belgium, 2001 - 2011

Bioenergy in Belgium

Belgium (Federal level)

In 2011 the renewable share of total output passed the 10 % mark (10.8 %), through the steady development of its three main sectors – biomass, wind power and PV power.

The biomass sector remains at the head of the renewable sectors and continued to expand (growing 8.5 % over 2010), albeit slightly slower than the pace over the period (an average of 22.6 % per annum). It is now at 4.6 TWh, which is 5.2 % of Belgium’s total electricity output. A green certificate scheme to promote renewable electricity production sectors (which varies according to region) is behind this exemplary development. Biomass has progressed so far that it is now positioned as a replacement solution for coal-fired plants.

Wallonia (Regional level):

In 2010, Wallonia consumed 141 TWh of primary energy. 9.65% came from renewable energy (13.6 TWh) (3 TWh in 1990). Of this percentage, 92.86% is due to the biomass sector with the following contribution:

• 65% of primary energy from wood
• 12% of the incineration of waste
• 4% of the biogas
• 10% of biofuels

As TWEED demonstrated it in its study “20% renewable energy in Wallonia in 2020: first estimate investment and economic benefits,” biomass should be first in line to be able to achieve the policy objective set by the Walloon Government which is to tend to 20% renewable energy in 2020 in the final Walloon consumption.

Despite a fast and significant move of the wind and the solar PV sectors, biomass energy should still represent more than 60% market share of renewable energy in 2020, which positions it as a highly strategic sector.

Sources: EurObserv’ER, ICEDD

Words by Olivier Ulrici
Cluster TWEED, Belgium